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aws试用账号(www.2km.me)_As Fed rate hikes loom, China may opt for modest easing to cushion slowdown

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BEIJING: China's central bank is set to unveil more easing steps to support slowing growth, though it will likely favour injecting more cash into the economy than cutting interest rates too aggressively, policy insiders and economists said.

While some analysts think modest rate cuts could still be on the cards if business activity cools further, expectations that the U.S. Federal Reserve will start tightening monetary policy soon will raise worries about capital outflows from China.

Chinese leaders have pledged more support for the economy as a property downturn weighs on investment and strict COVID-19 curbs hit consumption, with the recent local spread of the highly-contagious Omicron variant posing a fresh challenge.

Cities across the country are imposing tougher virus curbs, with the northern metropolis of Tianjin mass testing its 14 million people, prompting some economists to cut 2022 growth outlooks.

"We need a relatively loose monetary policy. How much we loosen depends on economic conditions, but the policy direction is clear," Yu Yongding, an influential economist who previously advised the People's Bank of China (PBOC), told Reuters.

The PBOC is likely to cut banks' reserve requirement ratios (RRR) further in the coming months, alongside other quantitative tools, such as boosting credit via relending schemes and the medium-term lending facility, the insiders and economists said. More support is also expected for small businesses.

The PBOC last cut the RRR - the amount of cash that banks must hold as reserves - by a standard 50 basis points (bps) on Dec. 15, its second such move last year. That was followed by a 5 bp cut in the one-year loan prime rate (LPR), the benchmark lending rate, on Dec. 20.

Lian Ping, chief economist at Zhixin Investment, has penciled in one or two RRR cuts this year, while Xu Hongcai, deputy director of the economic policy commission at the China Association of Policy Science, expects sharper cuts.

"We definitely need to loosen policy as the downward pressure on the economy is relatively big," said a policy insider, who spoke on condition of anonymity.

Tao Wang, chief China economist at UBS, told reporters on Tuesday that she expected the next RRR cut to come in March or April, but she also expects the PBOC to keep the LPR steady.

Room for cutting the LPR will be limited given that real interest rates are already low considering current price rises, economists said.

December factory-gate inflation slowed more than expected to 10.3% after government measures to contain high raw material prices, while consumer inflation slowed to 1.5%, official data showed on Wednesday.

The one-year benchmark lending rate stands at 3.8%.

The PBOC has said it will steer policy in line with China's own economic situation, although economists believe expected Fed rate rises could reduce the China-U.S. rate spread, stoking capital outflows and weighing on the yuan currency.

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